British Association for Women in Policing 

Diversity Issues 

BAWP Responses to  Affirmative Action 


 Gender Equality stats for Europe

Are you looking for the newest comparable and reliable data on gender equality in all Member States and at the EU level? EIGE’ s database is the right source! It covers all the twelve areas of the Beijing Platform for Action. For full details go to their website

Approved Maternity Uniform

If you are vainly searching for appropriate maternity uniform, please see attached catalogue, and show it to your procurement officer. This is in use in several forces now.


Why do so few women achieve ACPO ranks?

Dr Janet Astley, of York St John University, has completed her PhD dissertation looking into why progression for women in the police service seems to be difficult. BAWP was pleased to assist her in her initial research. A summary is available here, and she can be contacted on for more information.

Equality and Diversity Forum

The Equality and Diversity Forum is a network of national organisations committed to progress on age, disability, gender and gender identity, race, religion or belief, sexual orientation and broader equality and human rights issues. It issues, amongst other things, a monthly e-newsletter which contains information on relevant issues. For more information, and to subscribe to the newsletter, go to their website.


Report on the impact of cuts on services to prevent violence against women

On 1 February 2012, ‘Measuring the impact of cuts in public expenditure on the provision of services to prevent violence against women and girls’ was published for Northern Rock Foundation and Trust for London.

The report by Professor Sylvia Walby, UNESCO Chair in Gender Research, and Jude Towers at Lancaster University finds that substantial reductions in national budgets are leading to cuts in local services set up to protect and prevent violence against women and girls. These cuts in service provision are expected to lead to increases in this violence.

Click here for details

Unravelling Equality? Further research

Coventry Women’s Voices and the TUC are planning a toolkit for unions, voluntary organisations, civil society groups and others who want to analyse the likely impact of the spending cuts on women in their area.

This toolkit will be based on the experience of producing Unravelling Equality? A Human Rights and Equality Impact Assessment of the Public Spending Cuts on Women in Coventry, published by Coventry Women’s Voices and the Centre for Human Rights in Practice at the University of Warwick in May this year. (See for more information)

Unravelling Equality details the impact that the cuts, both local and national, are likely to have on gender equality and women’s human rights in one city. We want to help other groups do something similar in other parts of the country.

Our toolkit will summarise the main cuts taking place, give an over-view of what different academic researchers, voluntary groups and others have warned is likely to happen as a result of these cuts and show how to find out what this will mean in a particular area. It will also explain how groups can use an equality and human rights impact assessment to campaign locally against the cuts. Although the toolkit focuses on the impact of the cuts on women it can be used by anyone wanting to look at the equality or human rights impact of the cuts on other groups.

We want to include as many examples as possible of local campaigns against cuts and any assessments other groups have done of the impact of the cuts in their area. If you have any examples you would be happy for us to use please email


Flexible fathers

Research conducted by Lancaster University Management School into the family and working lives of fathers who work flexibly, on behalf of 'Working Families' has shed some interesting light on the issue. The main findinge are :

  • Fathers working flexibly in the private sector have better physical and psychological health, are less stressed and more committed to their employer
  • Fathers working flexibly in the public sector are less troubled by their work-life balance and sense of overload but – probably due to current stresses and job insecurity in the sector – are less likely to report higher levels of wellbeing and commitment
  • Fathers whose partners work full-time report significantly higher levels of wellbeing and sense of purpose
  • Fathers who claim to do most of the housework are happier with their work-life balance
  • Fathers on a low income feel less stressed if they are able to work flexibly

For more information visit their website, .


Squaring the circle: Economy vs Equality

Some time ago, BAWP commissioned some research from Jennifer Brown and Sue Woolfenden into the implications of the gender balance of police officer establishment in forces by 2020. They were delayed by unforseen problems in getting the necessary data, and in that time much has changed economically. However, the report is now available, so please click for an abstract or for the whole document

Losing your flexible working?

According to some recent press reports, it is time to stop harping on about gender equality: the sex wars have ended. But in the current economic climate, it appears that pregnant women and new mothers still face discriminating employment practices. Others find that their hard won flexible working hours are withdrawn under the cover of “reorganisation”.

Working Families Chief Executive, Sarah Jackson, said:

“Our helpline team hears daily reports from pregnant women and women on maternity leave who have suffered poor treatment at work. Discrimination against women is common.

“Sadly, too many employers are using the recession as a cover for reneging on their family friendly policies and equality duties. As well as being short sighted, discrimination is illegal. Any woman who thinks they have been badly treated because they are pregnant or on maternity leave should call our free helpline on 0800 013 0313 for expert legal advice. Our legal advisers don’t just let women know their rights at work, but can help them fight discrimination when it occurs”


WNC Legacy

The WNC Legacy Document has been finalised (attached), and shows the wonderful range of work that the WNC undertook, demonstrating what an important role it played in making sure that women's voices were heard by Government.

The WNC Commissioners have set up a facebook site for former partners and friends to stay in touch with each other here:!/pages/The-Phoenix-Womens-National-Commission-lives-on/165822453459607


Women in Specialist posts

Fife Constabulary, in conjunction with the Womens' Development Forum, has undertaken some research into why women are under-represented in some specialist departments. The report is available here.

Risk Management of New & Expectant Mothers

Tom Gorman, an officer in Strathclyde Police, has done a dissertation for an MSc in Risk Management entitled "Management of New and Expectant Moters Within Strathclyde Police: Case Study". An abstract is available here and the full document is available to people within the police service from BAWP Secretary.

PFEW Reserve Seat history

There has been much discussion in view of the Equality Act as to the future of the Reserve Seat in the Police Federation of England and Wales. There was a fear that it would become illegal, but this is not the case. You can see the PFEW's official reasoning behind the policy.

Transformational management

A Bedfordshire Inspector, Jaki Whittred, has undertaken some interesting research into management styles of senior women in policing for a Master's degree. Her dissertation is available here. If you need any more information, please contact

Maternity Action

Maternity Action is an organisation which works to end inequality and promote the health and well-being of all pregnant women, their partners and children. They began full time operations in 2009, and are currently working on a new project about pregnancy discrimination which aims to raise awareness amongst women and their advisors about women’s rights at work when they are pregnant. They have produced new detailed information sheets, and a poster advertising this information for display. For full details please visit their website


At the Professional Development Day on Tuesday 20 April BAWP President, CC Julie Spence, signed a Memorandum of Understanding with each of the National Association for Disabled Police Association, when it existed, and the National Trans Police Association (NTPA). Both organisations are relative newcomers to the support associations within policing, but we have concerns in common and will work together and support each other when appropriate.

EHRC Reports

The Equality and Human Rights Commission has recently published a report -Trans Research ReviewEHR Commission Disability Strategy

The Equality and Human Rights Commission Disability Committee has published its strategic priorities, setting out how it will use its powers and responsibilities to tackle some of the major issues faced by disabled people. The strategy is working towards the Committee’s vision of creating a society where disabled people participate fully and contribute to society as equal citizens. The work plan tackles legislative developments, including how the Equality Bill will affect disabled people and how to put into practice the United Nations Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities.


Work-life Balance book.

Lynne Copp, an independent consultant who has spoken at one of our PDDs, has published a book entitled, rather strangely, "I'm Glad I Spent More Time at Work!" It is the first in a series of three, and more information is available on this link. It may also be available through Lynne's own website,

Skills for Justice launch online Guide to Equality and Diversity

SFJ is delighted to announce the launch of an online resource which helps organisations to implement good equality and diversity practice in the workplace.Visit to view the full article.

'Working Families' book for fathers.

Working Families has republished its best-selling "Daddy's Home" booklet.The guide focuses on how fathers can get a real balance between work and family life throughout their careers. Drawing on interviews with fathers from a wide variety of occupations, and including a unique life planner, "Daddy’s Home" provides an inspiring and practical guide for men who want to change their work and home balance. For more information please visit their web page.

'Working Families' report.

'Working Families' has recently released its latest publication 'Hours to Suit Part II' which contains 19 detailed case studies on senior public and voluntary managers who work reduced hours or flexibly. For more information, including how to order a copy, click here.

Women still face workplace inequality.

Women are still the victims of persistent gender inequality in the workplace, with very little change in their working conditions in Britain for almost two decades, according to a landmark report from Cambridge University. The report, 'Gender and working conditions in the European Union', said there is still segregation in the workplace while women are far less likely to earn high salaries than their male counterparts. It found that despite British female workers making up just under half of the workforce, fewer than one in six have senior management roles.

Barriers for black women in the police service.

At a past NBPA conference, BAWP committee member Chief Inspector Robyn Williams jointly presented a workshop on identifying and dealing with the multiple barriers faced by black women. The full Powerpoint presentation is available here, a report on the feedback from the workshop is available here, and the original reserach on which the workshop was based is available here.

If you have any questions regarding any of the above documents, please contact Robyn Williams direct.

What is diversity?

Many local authorities view equality and diversity in terms of ethnic minorities and people with disabilities, overlooking issues such as gender, sexuality and flexible working, according to new research from the government’s Office of Public Management. Equality and diversity in local government, £18, from Publications Centre, PO Box 236, Wetherby, West Yorkshire LS23 7NB, tel: 0870 1226 236.

Women pushed towards the glass cliff.

Women are being 'parachuted' into precarious positions within companies where there is a high risk of failure, a report says. Professor Alex Haslam and Dr Michelle Ryan of the University of Exeter found that those women who do break through the 'glass ceiling' are more likely than men to find themselves on a 'glass cliff,' meaning their positions are risky or precarious. The 'glass cliff' research also showed that companies doing badly are more likely to appoint a woman to the board - but once performance picks up, other women are less likely to be made directors. 'It is a very interesting phenomenon, one that merits much more investigation because it's the next wave of subtle discrimination,' said Professor Haslam. 'I think it applies to any groups who are not part of that group that is part of making the decisions.' He said the phenomenon was not confined to any one profession or social group, but could be found across the business spectrum. There was evidence that women in the legal profession, for example, were often given the harder cases.

These folk were also speakers at the IAWP 2005 conference in Leeds, and at the 2007 Senior Women in Policing Conference. ESRC link for more information.

Flexible Working Research.

Katie Elliott, Northants Police, has done a dissertation entitled "How are part time working and job sharing accommodated at a management level and what are the barriers and good practice in relation to their effective use?" She compared the experiences of 5 NHS managers and 3 police inspectors.
If you require further information, please contact Katie on 07740 487316

BAWP-sponsored research from Surrey University.

Surrey University carried out research in 2005 on behalf of BAWP into "The gendered nature of policing among uniformed operational police officers in England and Wales". The study looked at the expectations of the public and of police officers in respect of the gender of the person dealing with a particular task. The final report is available here, and our thanks go to David Blok and Professor Jennifer Brown for the work.

Playing with Numbers.

Playing with Numbers: a Discussion Paper on Positive Discrimination as a Means for Achieving Gender Equality in the Police Service in England and Wales has been produced by Professor Jennifer Brown and colleague at University of Surrey. For an extract please click here, and if you would like to see the whole document please contact the Secretary.

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